Life History Groupings

Migration Status:Permanent resident

Breeding Habitat:Woodland

Nest Location:Mid-story/canopy nesting

Nest Type:Cavity

Clutch Size:4-9

Length of Incubation: 15-16 days

Days to Fledge:20-22

Number of Broods:1


Almost Exclusively:

Gregory Gough
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Clutch size, length of incubation, days to fledge and number of broods from: Ehrlich, P., Dobkin, D., and Wheye, D. (1988). The Birders Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc.
Patuxent Bird Population Studies
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter