Life History Groupings

Migration Status:Permanent resident

Breeding Habitat:Wetland-open water

Nest Location:Ground-low nesting

Nest Type:Open-cup

Clutch Size:4

Length of Incubation: 11-13 days

Days to Fledge:11-14

Number of Broods:2



Lesser Quantities of:

Gregory Gough
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Clutch size, length of incubation, days to fledge and number of broods from: Ehrlich, P., Dobkin, D., and Wheye, D. (1988). The Birders Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc.
Patuxent Bird Population Studies
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter