Life History Groupings

Migration Status:Short distance migrant

Breeding Habitat:Urban

Nest Location:Mid-story/canopy nesting

Nest Type:Cavity

Clutch Size:4-7

Length of Incubation: 12-14 days

Days to Fledge:18-21

Number of Broods:2, occasionally 3



Lesser Quantities of:

Gregory Gough
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Clutch size, length of incubation, days to fledge and number of broods from: Ehrlich, P., Dobkin, D., and Wheye, D. (1988). The Birders Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc.
Patuxent Bird Population Studies
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter