Life History Groupings

Migration Status:Short distance migrant

Breeding Habitat:Grassland

Nest Location:N/A

Nest Type:Cavity

Clutch Size:3-11

Length of Incubation: 30-34 days

Days to Fledge:52-56

Number of Broods:1, occasionally 2



Gregory Gough
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Clutch size, length of incubation, days to fledge and number of broods from: Ehrlich, P., Dobkin, D., and Wheye, D. (1988). The Birders Handbook: A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc.
Patuxent Bird Population Studies
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter