- Length: 8.5 inches
- Small, chunky, short-tailed, round-winged, ground-dwelling bird
- Immature similar to female
- Black, forward-tilting and teardrop-shaped crest
- Black forehead
- Chestnut crown
- Black face
- White border to face
- Blue-gray nape, chest, back and upperwings
- Yellowish belly with black central portion
- Rusty-brown flanks with white streaks
- Short, curved, dark brown, teardrop-shaped crest
- Gray head, chest, back and upperwings
- Chestnut flanks with white streaks
- Pale belly
- Lacks black throat of male
Mountain Quail has chestnut face, straight head plume and gray crown.
California Quail has pale forehead, stippled nape and scaly belly.
Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.
Patuxent Bird Population Studies
Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter