USGS

Hard Bargain Farm Bird List

Seasonal Abundance Breeding
Species Spring Summer Fall Winter Status
LOON, GREBES AND CORMORANT
Common Loon O O O?
Pied-billed Grebe O O? O O? Po
Horned Grebe O O O
Double-crested Cormorant O O O? O?
HERONS
American Bittern O? O? O Po
Least Bittern O? O O? Po
Great Blue Heron U U U O Po
Great Egret O? O? O
Snowy Egret O? O? O
Little Blue Heron O? O? O?
Green Heron O? O O? Po
Black-crowned Night-Heron O? O? O? Po
VULTURES
Black Vulture O O? O? O? Po
Turkey Vulture O O? O? O Po
WATERFOWL
Snow Goose O? O O?
Canada Goose C U C C Pr
Brant O O?
Tundra Swan O O O
Wood Duck O O? O O Pr
Gadwall O? O O?
American Wigeon O? O O?
American Black Duck O? O? U U Po
Mallard U U C C Pr
Blue-winged Teal O? O? O?
Northern Shoveler O? O? O?
Northern Pintail O? O? O
Green-winged Teal O? O? O?
Canvasback O? O O?
Redhead O? O O?
Ring-necked Duck O O O? O?
Greater Scaup O? O? O?
Lesser Scaup U O? U
White-winged Scoter O? O? O?
Bufflehead U U U
Common Goldeneye O? O? O
Hooded Merganser O O? O
Common Merganser U O? U
Red-breasted Merganser O O? O
Ruddy Duck O? U U
HAWKS
Osprey U U U? Co
Bald Eagle U U U U Po
Northern Harrier O O? O?
Sharp-shinned Hawk O O O?
Cooper's Hawk O O? O? O? Po
Red-shouldered Hawk U O U O Po
Broad-winged Hawk O? O
Red-tailed Hawk O O? O O Po
American Kestrel O? O? O? O? Po
Peregrine Falcon O? O O?
TURKEY AND QUAIL
Wild Turkey O O? O? O? Po
Northern Bobwhite U U O O Pr
RAILS AND COOT
King Rail O? O? O? Po
Virginia Rail O? O O? Po
American Coot O? O O?
SHOREBIRDS
Black-bellied Plover O? O O?
Killdeer U? U U? U Po
Greater Yellowlegs O O? O O?
Lesser Yellowlegs O? O? O?
Solitary Sandpiper O O? O
Spotted Sandpiper O O? O?
Common Snipe O? O? O?
American Woodcock O O? O? O Po
GULLS AND TERNS
Laughing Gull O? O O
Bonaparte's Gull O? O O?
Ring-billed Gull U O U U
Herring Gull O O? O? O
Great Black-backed Gull O? O? O? O
Caspian Tern O O O?
Forster's Tern O O O
Black Tern O? O? O?
DOVES
Rock Dove O? O? O? O? Po
Mourning Dove C C U U Pr
CUCKOOS
Black-billed Cuckoo O? O? O?
Yellow-billed Cuckoo U C O? Pr
OWLS AND GOATSUCKERS
Eastern Screech-Owl O? O? O? O? Po
Great Horned Owl O? O? O? O Po
Barred Owl O O? O? O? Po
Common Nighthawk O O? O?
Whip-poor-will O? O? O? Po
SWIFT, HUMMINGBIRD AND KINGFISHER
Chimney Swift O O O Po
Ruby-throated Hummingbird U U O Po
Belted Kingfisher O O O O Po
WOODPECKERS
Red-headed Woodpecker O O O
Red-bellied Woodpecker C C C C Pr
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker O? O? O
Downy Woodpecker U U C C Po
Hairy Woodpecker O O? O? O Po
Northern Flicker U U U C Pr
Pileated Woodpecker U U U U Po
FLYCATCHERS
Eastern Wood-Pewee U U U? Pr
Acadian Flycatcher U U U Pr
Eastern Phoebe O O O O Po
Great Crested Flycatcher U U O? Pr
Western Kingbird O
Eastern Kingbird U U O? Pr
VIREOS
White-eyed Vireo C U U? Po
Yellow-throated Vireo U O? O? Po
Warbling Vireo O O O? Pr
Blue-headed Vireo O O?
Red-eyed Vireo C C U Pr
JAY AND CROWS
Blue Jay U U C U Pr
American Crow C C C C Co
Fish Crow U U O U Pr
LARK AND SWALLOWS
Horned Lark O? O? O? O? Po
Purple Martin O? O? Po
Tree Swallow U O O? O Co
Northern Rough-winged Swallow O O? O? Po
Bank Swallow O? O? O?
Barn Swallow U U O? Pr
CHICKADEE, TITMOUSE, NUTHATCH AND CREEPER
Carolina Chickadee U C C C Co
Tufted Titmouse C C C C Pr
White-breasted Nuthatch U U U C Po
Brown Creeper O? O O?
WRENS
Carolina Wren C C C C Pr
House Wren U O? U? Po
Winter Wren O? O O
Marsh Wren O? O? O? O Po
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHER
Golden-crowned Kinglet O? U U
Ruby-crowned Kinglet O U O?
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher C U O? O Pr
THRUSHES
Eastern Bluebird C U U C Co
Swainson's Thrush O O?
Hermit Thrush O O? O
Wood Thrush U U O? Pr
American Robin U? O? O U Po
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHER
Gray Catbird O? O O O? Po
Northern Mockingbird U U U O Pr
Brown Thrasher O O O? U Po
STARLING, PIPIT AND WAXWING
European Starling C U U U Co
American Pipit O? O? O
Cedar Waxwing C O? U? U Po
WARBLERS
Blue-winged Warbler O? O O?
Tennessee Warbler O? O? O
Orange-crowned Warbler O
Nashville Warbler O O
Northern Parula C U O? Pr
Yellow Warbler O O? O? Po
Chestnut-sided Warbler O? O O?
Magnolia Warbler O O O
Cape May Warbler O? O? O
Black-throated Blue Warbler O O? O?
Yellow-rumped Warbler U U U
Black-throated Green Warbler O? O?
Blackburnian Warbler O? O? O
Yellow-throated Warbler O O O? Po
Prairie Warbler O O? O Po
Palm Warbler O O? O?
Bay-breasted Warbler O? O
Blackpoll Warbler U O?
Black-and-white Warbler O O O
American Redstart O O O?
Prothonotary Warbler U C O? Pr
Ovenbird U U O? Pr
Northern Waterthrush U O? O?
Louisiana Waterthrush O O O? Po
Kentucky Warbler C U O? Pr
Common Yellowthroat C U U Pr
Hooded Warbler U? U O? Po
Yellow-breasted Chat O? O? O? Po
TANAGERS
Summer Tanager O? O? O Po
Scarlet Tanager U U U? Pr
TOWHEE AND SPARROWS
Eastern Towhee O O O? O? Po
American Tree Sparrow O? O?
Chipping Sparrow U U O? Pr
Field Sparrow O O? O? O? Po
Savannah Sparrow O O? O?
Grasshopper Sparrow U U O? Pr
Fox Sparrow O? O O
Song Sparrow U O? C C Po
Swamp Sparrow O O O
White-throated Sparrow U C C
White-crowned Sparrow O O? O?
Dark-eyed Junco U U C
CARDINAL, GROSBEAKS AND BUNTING
Northern Cardinal C C C C Pr
Rose-breasted Grosbeak O O?
Blue Grosbeak C U O? Co
Indigo Bunting C C U? Pr
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES
Bobolink O O? O?
Red-winged Blackbird C C U? U Pr
Eastern Meadowlark U U O? O Po
Rusty Blackbird O O? O
Common Grackle C C U? U Pr
Brown-headed Cowbird U C O? O? Pr
Orchard Oriole U U Pr
Baltimore Oriole U U O? Pr
FINCHES
Purple Finch O? O? O?
House Finch U U U C Pr
American Goldfinch C C U U Pr
OLD WORLD SPARROW
House Sparrow U? U? U? U Po

If you see any of the boldfaced species in the park or any species in a season marked by a question mark, please report the sighting to: Brent_Steury at nps.gov

This list compiled by Deanna K. Dawson and Gregory A. Gough and last updated on 11/28/01.


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