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Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter

Here we present photographs, songs, videos, identification tips, maps, and life history information for North American birds.

User's note added 18 June 2002: We caution users against use of on-the-fly translator sites, as they introduce modifications and distortions of the text.

Please cite this page as:

Gough, G.A., Sauer, J.R., Iliff, M. Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter. 1998. Version 97.1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.

This page is a composite of the efforts of many people who have donated photographs, songs, and other information. The photographs, videos and songs are used with permission of the authors. They have provided permission for viewing images and playing the sound files in conjunction with use of this website, but permission must be obtained for other uses of the files. Please do not copy photographs, videos or songs without their permission! Contact information is valid at time of posting.

Last updated on December 28, 2000. Want more information about this guide?

Quick Finder-click on the common name of the family to jump to that part of the list

Loons Grebes Albatrosses Shearwaters Storm-Petrels Tropicbirds Boobies Pelicans Cormorants Anhinga Frigatebirds Herons Ibis Stork New World Vultures Flamingo Waterfowl Eagles, Kites & Hawks Falcons Chachalaca Grouse Quail Rails Limpkin Cranes Plovers Oystercatchers Stilt & Avocet Jacana Sandpipers Jaegers, Gulls & Terns Auks Doves Parakeet Cuckoos Barn-Owls Owls Goatsuckers Swifts Hummingbirds Trogons Kingfishers Woodpeckers Flycatchers Shrikes Vireos Jays & Crows Larks Swallows Chickadees & Titmice Verdin Bushtit Nuthatches Creeper Wrens Dipper Bulbul Kinglets Gnatcatchers Thrushes Wrentit Mockingbirds & Thrashers Starling Wagtails & Pipits Waxwings Phainopepla Olive Warbler Warblers Tanagers Towhees & Sparrows Grosbeaks & Buntings Blackbirds & Orioles Finches Old World Sparrows

Click on the Species of Interest

LOONS-Order: Gaviiformes
Family: Gaviidae

Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata

Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica

Common Loon Gavia immer

Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii

GREBES-Order: Podicipediformes
Family: Podicipedidae

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis

Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii

Albatrosses-Family: Diomedeidae

Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis

Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes

Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae

Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis

Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata

Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata

Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea

Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus

Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes

Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis

Buller's Shearwater Puffinus bulleri

Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus

Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris

Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus

Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas

Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri

Storm-Petrels-Family: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma furcata

Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Ashy Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma homochroa

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro

Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania

Least Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma

Tropicbirds-Family: Phaethontidae

White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda

Boobies-Family: Sulidae

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra

Nazca Booby Sula granti

Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Red-footed Booby Sula sula

Northern Gannet Morus bassanus

Pelicans-Family: Pelecanidae

American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Cormorants-Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Brandt's Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Red-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax urile

Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Anhinga-Family: Anhingidae

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga

Frigatebirds-Family: Fregatidae

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Herons-Family: Ardeidae

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias

Great Egret Ardea alba

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Green Heron Butorides virescens

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea

Ibis-Family: Threskiornithidae

White Ibis Eudocimus albus

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi

Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja

Stork-Family: Ciconiidae

Wood Stork Mycteria americana

New World Vultures-Family: Cathartidae

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

California Condor Gymnogyps californianus

FLAMINGO-Order: Phoenicopteriformes
Family: Phoenicopteridae

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber

SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS-Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons

Emperor Goose Chen canagica

Snow Goose Chen caerulescens

Ross's Goose Chen rossii

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

Brant Branta bernicla

Mute Swan Cygnus olor

Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus

Wood Duck Aix sponsa

Gadwall Anas strepera

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

American Wigeon Anas americana

American Black Duck Anas rubripes

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

Canvasback Aythya valisineria

Redhead Aythya americana

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri

Spectacled Eider Somateria fischeri

King Eider Somateria spectabilis

Common Eider Somateria mollissima

Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus

Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata

White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca

Black Scoter Melanitta nigra

Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis

Bufflehead Bucephala albeola

Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula

Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica

Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus

Common Merganser Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator

Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

EAGLES, KITES, FALCONS & HAWKS-Order: Falconiformes
Eagles, Kites & Hawks-Family: Accipitridae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus

Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis

Gray Hawk Asturina nitida

Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

FALCONS-Order: Falconiformes
Falcons-Family: Falconidae

Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Merlin Falco columbarius

Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus

GROUSE, TURKEY & QUAIL-Order: Galliformes
Chachalaca-Family: Cracidae

Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula

Grouse-Family: Phasianidae

Chukar Alectoris chukar

Gray Partridge Perdix perdix

Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus

Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus

Greater Sage-Grouse Centrocercus urophasianus

Gunnison Sage-Grouse Centrocercus minimus

Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis

Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus

Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus mutus

White-tailed Ptarmigan Lagopus leucurus

Blue Grouse Dendragapus obscurus

Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus

Greater Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus cupido

Lesser Prairie-Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus

Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo

Quail-Family: Odontophoridae

Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus

Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata

California Quail Callipepla californica

Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii

Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus

Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae

RAILS, LIMPKIN & CRANES-Order: Gruiformes
Rails-Family: Rallidae

Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis

Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis

Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris

King Rail Rallus elegans

Virginia Rail Rallus limicola

Sora Porzana carolina

Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

American Coot Fulica americana

Limpkin-Family: Aramidae

Limpkin Aramus guarauna

Cranes-Family: Gruidae

Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis

Whooping Crane Grus americana

SHOREBIRDS-Order: Charadriiformes
Plovers-Family: Charadriidae

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva

Mongolian Plover Charadrius mongolus

Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Piping Plover Charadrius melodus

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus

Oystercatchers-Family: Haematopodidae

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani

Stilt & Avocet-Family: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

Jacana-Family: Jacanidae

Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa

Sandpipers-Family: Scolopacidae

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Wandering Tattler Heteroscelus incanus

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala

Surfbird Aphriza virgata

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Sanderling Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima

Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis

Ruff Philomachus pugnax

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago

American Woodcock Scolopax minor

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria

Jaegers, Gulls & Terns-Family: Laridae

Great Skua Stercorarius skua

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki

Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla

Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan

Little Gull Larus minutus

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia

Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni

Mew Gull Larus canus

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

California Gull Larus californicus

Herring Gull Larus argentatus

Thayer's Gull Larus thayeri

Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides

Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus

Western Gull Larus occidentalis

Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens

Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus

Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla

Red-legged Kittiwake Rissa brevirostris

Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea

Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea

Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica

Caspian Tern Sterna caspia

Royal Tern Sterna maxima

Elegant Tern Sterna elegans

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis

Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea

Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri

Least Tern Sterna antillarum

Aleutian Tern Sterna aleutica

Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus

Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus

Black Noddy Anous minutus

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

Auks-Family: Alcidae

Dovekie Alle alle

Common Murre Uria aalge

Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia

Razorbill Alca torda

Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle

Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba

Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus

Kittlitz's Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris

Xantus's Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

Craveri's Murrelet Synthliboramphus craveri

Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus

Cassin's Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus

Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittacula

Least Auklet Aethia pusilla

Whiskered Auklet Aethia pygmaea

Crested Auklet Aethia cristatella

Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata

Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica

Horned Puffin Fratercula corniculata

Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata

DOVES-Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae

Rock Dove Columba livia

White-crowned Pigeon Columba leucocephala

Red-billed Pigeon Columba flavirostris

Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata

Ringed Turtle-Dove Streptopelia risoria

Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis

White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura

Inca Dove Columbina inca

Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi

PARAKEET-Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae

White-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus

CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNER & ANIS-Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae

Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus

Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor

Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris

OWLS-Order: Strigiformes
Barn-Owls-Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Owls-Family: Strigidae

Flammulated Owl Otus flammeolus

Western Screech-Owl Otus kennicottii

Eastern Screech-Owl Otus asio

Whiskered Screech-Owl Otus trichopsis

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

Snowy Owl Nyctea scandiaca

Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula

Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum

Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis

Barred Owl Strix varia

Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa

Long-eared Owl Asio otus

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus

Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus

GOATSUCKERS-Order: Caprimulgiformes
Family: Caprimulgidae

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii

Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis

Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis

Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus

SWIFTS & HUMMINGBIRDS-Order: Apodiformes
Swifts-Family: Apodidae

Black Swift Cypseloides niger

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica

Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi

White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis

Hummingbirds-Family: Trochilidae

Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris

White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis

Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis

Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps

Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae

Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens

Lucifer Hummingbird Calothorax lucifer

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris

Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri

Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna

Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae

Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope

Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus

Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin

TROGON-Order: Trogoniformes
Family: Trogonidae

Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans

KINGFISHERS-Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae

Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata

Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

WOODPECKERS-Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae

Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus

Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis

Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons

Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus

Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius

Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber

Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris

Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus

Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae

Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis

White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus

Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus

Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus

Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides

Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus

PERCHING BIRDS-Order: Passeriformes
Flycatchers-Family: Tyrannidae

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi

Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax

Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris

Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum

Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii

Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus

Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii

Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii

Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri

Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis

Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis

Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe

Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii

Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans

Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris

Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana

Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae

Shrikes-Family: Laniidae

Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus

Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor

Vireos-Family: Vireonidae

White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus

Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii

Black-capped Vireo Vireo atricapillus

Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior

Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons

Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus

Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii

Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius

Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni

Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus

Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus

Jays & Crows-Family: Corvidae

Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis

Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri

Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata

Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas

Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio

Florida Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma coerulescens

Island Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma insularis

Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica

Mexican Jay Aphelocoma ultramarina

Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana

Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia

Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nuttalli

American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos

Northwestern Crow Corvus caurinus

Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus

Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus

Common Raven Corvus corax

Larks-Family: Alaudidae

Sky Lark Alauda arvensis

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

Swallows-Family: Hirundinidae

Purple Martin Progne subis

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor

Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina

Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Chickadees & Titmice-Family: Paridae

Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis

Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapilla

Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli

Mexican Chickadee Poecile sclateri

Chestnut-backed Chickadee Poecile rufescens

Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonica

Gray-headed Chickadee Poecile cincta

Bridled Titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi

Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus

Juniper Titmouse Baeolophus ridgwayi

Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor

Verdin-Family: Remizidae

Verdin Auriparus flaviceps

Bushtit-Family: Aegithalidae

Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus

Nuthatches-Family: Sittidae

Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis

White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis

Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea

Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla

Creeper-Family: Certhiidae

Brown Creeper Certhia americana

Wrens-Family: Troglodytidae

Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus

Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus

Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis

Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris

Dipper-Family: Cinclidae

American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus

Bulbul-Family: Pycnonotidae

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Kinglets-Family: Regulidae

Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa

Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula

Gnatcatchers-Family: Sylviidae

Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

California Gnatcatcher Polioptila californica

Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura

Thrushes-Family: Turdidae

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis

Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana

Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides

Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi

Veery Catharus fuscescens

Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus

Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli

Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus

Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus

Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi

American Robin Turdus migratorius

Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius

Wrentit-Family: Timaliidae

Wrentit Chamaea fasciata

Mockingbirds & Thrashers-Family: Mimidae

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis

Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos

Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum

Long-billed Thrasher Toxostoma longirostre

Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei

Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre

California Thrasher Toxostoma redivivum

Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale

Le Conte's Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei

Starling-Family: Sturnidae

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Wagtails & Pipits-Family: Motacillidae

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava

White Wagtail Motacilla alba

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus

American Pipit Anthus rubescens

Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii

Waxwings-Family: Bombycillidae

Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum

Phainopepla-Family: Ptilogonatidae

Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens

Olive Warbler-Family: Peucedramidae

Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus

Warblers-Family: Parulidae

Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus

Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera

Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina

Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata

Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla

Virginia's Warbler Vermivora virginiae

Colima Warbler Vermivora crissalis

Lucy's Warbler Vermivora luciae

Northern Parula Parula americana

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi

Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia

Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica

Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia

Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina

Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens

Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata

Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens

Golden-cheeked Warbler Dendroica chrysoparia

Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens

Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi

Hermit Warbler Dendroica occidentalis

Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca

Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica

Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae

Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus

Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii

Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor

Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum

Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata

Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea

Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea

Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus

Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii

Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus

Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis

Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla

Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus

Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis

Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia

MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei

Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas

Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina

Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla

Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis

Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons

Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus

Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus

Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens

Tanagers-Family: Thraupidae

Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

Towhees & Sparrows-Family: Emberizidae

Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus

Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus

Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Canyon Towhee Pipilo fuscus

California Towhee Pipilo crissalis

Abert's Towhee Pipilo aberti

White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola

Rufous-winged Sparrow Aimophila carpalis

Cassin's Sparrow Aimophila cassinii

Bachman's Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis

Botteri's Sparrow Aimophila botterii

Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps

American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida

Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri

Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla

Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata

Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli

Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum

Baird's Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii

Henslow's Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii

Le Conte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii

Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni

Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus

Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus

Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia

Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys

Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis

Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus

McCown's Longspur Calcarius mccownii

Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus

Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus

Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus

Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis

McKay's Bunting Plectrophenax hyperboreus

Grosbeaks & Buntings-Family: Cardinalidae

Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus

Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus

Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina

Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea

Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea

Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor

Painted Bunting Passerina ciris

Dickcissel Spiza americana

Blackbirds & Orioles-Family: Icteridae

Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

Tricolored Blackbird Agelaius tricolor

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus

Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus

Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula

Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus

Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater

Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius

Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus

Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii

Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis

Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis

Audubon's Oriole Icterus graduacauda

Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula

Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum

Finches-Family: Fringillidae

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata

Brown-capped Rosy-Finch Leucosticte australis

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus

Cassin's Finch Carpodacus cassinii

House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus

Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria

Lawrence's Goldfinch Carduelis lawrencei

American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Old World Sparrows-Family: Passeridae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus