Birds of Oxon Run Parkway
The forests and
seepage swamps of Oxon Run Parkway, formerly
the site of the military Camp Simms, make this
a unique natural area in a highly urbanized setting. Unfortunately, despite
efforts by the National Park Service to protect this Park from disturbance,
the recent loss of forest on adjacent properties may have reduced the
likelihood of the Park's selection as a nesting site by some bird species.
Several neotropical migrant species present in Oxon Run Parkway during the
early 1990s, including Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Louisiana Waterthrush, and
Kentucky Warbler, were not detected during the nesting season of 1999.
Nevertheless, the Park is used by a variety of birds throughout the year.
Migrating birds are attracted by the diversity of tree species in
the Park's forests and by the availability of
water. Nesting birds include resident woodpeckers, Carolina Chickadee,
Tufted Titmouse, Carolina Wren, and Northern Cardinal, as well as Eastern
Wood-Pewee, Acadian Flycatcher, Red-eyed Vireo, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Wood
Thrush, Northern Parula, Ovenbird, Common Yellowthroat, Eastern Towhee, and
Indigo Bunting. Although most of the species detected at the survey
points in winter were year-round residents, Song Sparrows, White-throated
Sparrows, and Dark-eyed Juncos forage on the seeds of grasses and other
plants that have become established in disturbed
or restored areas, and Winter
Wrens and occasional other species have been observed in the Park in winter.
Additional information on each species on the checklist can be accessed through
hypertext links. Click on the species name to access general information from
the Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter; a description of the information
available can be obtained by clicking on the "Species" heading in the
checklist. To view maps of bird distribution in the park during the
nesting season of 1999, click on the summer abundance codes that are in
hypertext. Distribution maps were prepared for species that are probable or
confirmed nesters in the park from data collected by biologists from the USGS
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Maps showing the distribution of birds
detected on surveys conducted during January- February 2000 can be accessed by
clicking on the winter abundance codes that are in hypertext. Additional
information on the bird surveys can be accessed by clicking on the "Summer" or
"Winter" headings on the checklist.
If you see any of the boldfaced species, any species not already on the checklist, or
any species in a season
marked by a question mark, please report the sighting to: